Timor White Gum (Eucalyptus Urophylla)

F-45-1-TIMOR--WHITEGUMITS–This species’ botanical name is Eucalyptus urophylla (S.T. Blake: and it belongs to the Myrtaceae family. Some taxonomists make no distinction between this species and the two others of the same family: Eucalyptus alba or Eucalyptus decaisneana. The Indonesian (Timorese) name for the Timor White Gum Tree  is “ampup”.  This commercial tree  can reach a height of about 55 m and 2 m in diameter.

The Timor White Gum’s bark is rough and pearl-grey or reddish-brown in color. The leaves are about 20 centimetres long, and elliptical in shape. It has 5-8 flow­ers, whose buds shortly accumulate at their ends. It is shaped like a cup in a conical form to a length of about 12 cm. The Timor White Gum can grow well in mountainous forests at an altitude between 500-3000 meters. This plant grows mostly in the eastern islands of the Indonesian archipelago: Alor, Lomblem, Adonara, Flores, Wetar, and Timor.

It has been widely cultivated all over the world because the wood is hard and straight. This kind of timber is commercially important because it can be used for building materials, pulp production, fuel, and charcoal.

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