Sugarcane (Saccarum Officinarum)

ITS–The extracted water from this plant’s stalk tastes sweet andpeople can make sugar from its essence. Sugarcane’s scientific name is Saccarum officinarum, and it belongs to the Gramineae family. It originated in the Pacific Islands. The plant can grow 130 to 250 cm high. It has a sword-shaped leaf, and the edge of the leaf […]

Tea (Camellia Sinensis)

ITS–The young leaves of the tea plant are used for making the beverage. The tea plant originated in Asia: India and China. The tree can reach a height of about 9 m, but with intensive farming, the stems and branches are periodically cut off. This pruning results in the growth of the useful young leaves. […]

Coconut (Cocos Mucifera)

ITS–The coconut (Cocos mucifera), called kelapa in the Indonesian language, is one of the most familiar plants in tropical countries.  It grows throughout the Indonesian archipelago. The coconut tree reaches a height of 4 to 25 meters. Its stem is erect or slightly curved. It produces numerous leaves which measure about 4 to 6 meters […]

Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis)

ITS–The extract of Oil Palm is well known as an export commodity in Indonesia. Its scientific name is Elaeis guineensis, and it belongs to the Arecaceae family. This plant originated in Cape Guinea in West Africa. Today the Oil Palm grows in many tropical countries. Oil Palm trees can reach a height of 4 to […]

Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum)

ITS–The tobacco plant is popularly known as a commodity plant. It is native to the South America. Almost every adult in the world knows the product of this herb, in the form of cigarettes and cigars. In some parts of the world tobacco leaves are also chewed. The herbs live annually and grow only once […]

Coffee (Coffea Canephora)

ITS–There is no plant as well known to people as the coffee plant. The tribes of Ethiopia first used the seeds of this plant to make medicine and food before they developed it as a beverage. This plant is native to Africa. The scientific name for coffee is Coffea canephora and it belongs to the […]

Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis)

ITS–The bark of this export commodityplant contains latex. Latex is a very important material for making tires, gloves, balls, and so on. The Rubber plant is native to Brasilia, South America. The plant’s scientific name is Hevea brasiliensis, and it belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. The Indonesian name for the plant is “karet” or “pohonkaret.” […]

Rice (Oryza Sativa)

ITS–Rice is the main source of the food in many tropical countries, including Indonesia. Rice’s scientific name is Oryzasativa, and it belongs to the Gramineae family. This plant is much like grass. It grows about 50-120 cm high. Its leaf is slender, like a ribbon. This plant needs a lot of waterto grow. But there […]

Slender Palm Tree (Oncosperma Tigilaria)

ITS–The Nibung is a Slender Palm tree living in coastal areas. This plant originated in Indochina and other South East Asian countries, including Indonesia. The plant always grows in groups. One group consists of more than 10 trees growing side by side. Its botanical name is Oncosperma tigillaria, and it belongs to the Palmae family. […]