Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana)

ITS–The Mangosteen is atropicalfruit tree that isnative to the Malay Peninsula. The Mangosteen’s botanical name is Garciniamango­stana (L.), and it belongs to the Guttiferae family. The plant is tall; it grows to a height of 5 to 25 meters high. The leaves are green and stiff, single inform, and the blades are oblong or elliptically […]

Water Apple (Eugenia Aquea)

ITS–The Water Apple is a common fruit that, as the name suggests, contains much water. The Water apple originated in South East Asia. In Indonesia this plant generally blooms twice a year. Its leaf is of a single type, like an oval, with a green blade and yellow flower, emerging like a broom. The Water […]

Rambutan (Nepheliun Lappaceum)

ITS–This sweet tropical fruit has hairy skin. The Indonesian name for this fruit is “rambutan.” People call it “rambutan” because the whole fruit skin is hairy (in Indonesian rambut means hair). This very popular fruit’s botanical name is Nepheliun lappaceum, and it belongs to the Sapindaceae family. The fruit is like a pingpong ball with […]

Durian (Durio Zibethinus)

ITS–Durian is very popular in Indonesia. Almost every region in Indonesia knows this odorous fruit. The botanical name for this species is Durio zibethinus, and it belongs to the Bombacaceae family. The fruit is oval, like a football or rugby ball, with a spiny shell and contains many seeds. The tree is tall, reaching a […]

Papaya (Carica Papaya)

ITS–Papaya is a commonly eaten fruit that can be found in tropical regions of the world. Its scientific name is Carica papaya. The plant belongs to the Caricaceae family. These perennial trees can grow 2 to 6 meters, but generally are found about 4 meters high. The Papaya’s leaves have a long stem with a […]


ITS–Mushrooms are the fleshy fruit body of certain fungi, but some restrict the term mushroom to the common field mushroom. All mushroom are fungi. Not all fungi, however, are mushrooms in the popular meaning of the term since the fungi with their estimated one hundred species include all the mildews and molds. The higher fungi which […]

Salaca (SalaccaEdulis)

ITS–Salaccaedulis, called salak in the Indonesian language, is said to have originated on the island of Java. During the Dutch colonial rule, its stones were distributed by traders to the whole archipelago as far as the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand. Its fruit is covered with a scaly skin, which is colored yellowish-brown or dark-brown. […]

Sugarcane (Saccarum Officinarum)

ITS–The extracted water from this plant’s stalk tastes sweet andpeople can make sugar from its essence. Sugarcane’s scientific name is Saccarum officinarum, and it belongs to the Gramineae family. It originated in the Pacific Islands. The plant can grow 130 to 250 cm high. It has a sword-shaped leaf, and the edge of the leaf […]

Tea (Camellia Sinensis)

ITS–The young leaves of the tea plant are used for making the beverage. The tea plant originated in Asia: India and China. The tree can reach a height of about 9 m, but with intensive farming, the stems and branches are periodically cut off. This pruning results in the growth of the useful young leaves. […]

Coconut (Cocos Mucifera)

ITS–The coconut (Cocos mucifera), called kelapa in the Indonesian language, is one of the most familiar plants in tropical countries.  It grows throughout the Indonesian archipelago. The coconut tree reaches a height of 4 to 25 meters. Its stem is erect or slightly curved. It produces numerous leaves which measure about 4 to 6 meters […]